How to Write an Essay

Write an Essay

Tips on writing that all-important A-grade college essay

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CONTENTS
 

Link your essay ideas and paragraphs

Make sure that each sentence flows logically. The traditional way to do this when writing an essay is to use connecting words or phrases, often conjunctions (linking words) such as although, because, so, moreover, or therefore. In this way, you build your logic and arguments. These connections come in simple and complex forms.

Simple connections
also, although, and, as, because, but, despite, first, however, if, next, now, second, then, therefore, third, until

Although we sometimes need words to show the logic and connection between sentences and paragraphs, many connecting words make your style more complex and academic than necessary. For example:

Complex connections
accordingly, as you are aware, consequently, for this reason, furthermore, hence, in addition, inasmuch as, likewise, more specifically, moreover, nevertheless, nonetheless

Heres a comprehensive list of connections. Try to limit yourself to the simple connections shown in blue. Try to avoid those shown in red as they detract from a clear, concise style.

 
 
Type

Simple
Recommended

Complex
Not recommended
     

Addition

again, and, besides, finally, first, next, second, then, third

further, furthermore, in addition, in addition to, lastly, moreover

 

 

Comparison

after all, against, although, but, by comparison, compared to, however, in contrast, meanwhile, where, yet

although this may be true, balanced against this, conversely, in the meantime, nevertheless, nonetheless, on the contrary, on the other hand, vis-à-vis, whereas

 

 

Conclusion

therefore, in conclusion, in summary, to conclude, to summarize

accordingly, as a result, as has been shown, consequently, thus

 

 

Emphasis

always, forever, naturally, never

absolutely, certainly, definitely, emphatically, extremely, in fact, indeed, obviously, positively, undeniably

 

 

Example

for example, for instance, such as, that is

e.g., i.e., in this case, in this situation, on this occasion

 

 

Exception

despite, however, sometimes, still, yet

in spite of, nevertheless, of course, once in a while

 

 

Proof

because, besides, if

evidently, for the same reason, furthermore, in fact, indeed, moreover, obviously

 

 

Sequence

after, afterward, afterwards, before, finally, first, following, later, next, now, previously, soon, then, therefore

and so forth, at this point, at this time, concurrently, consequently, hence, subsequently, thus

 

 

Time

after, afterward, afterwards, and then, finally, first, formerly, immediately, later, next, previously, second, soon, then,

firstly, secondly, thereafter, thirdly

 
       
 

Look at this example with too many complex connecting words or phrases. Dont you think the style looks false and unnatural?

Original
 
Redraft
             
 

Although this may be true, Krammer argues growth in the economy depends mainly on higher government spending. Accordingly, he argues that direct investment, whatever its source leads to growth. Indeed, Krammer states that the circulation of money in the economy is the key consideration when forecasting growth, that is to say, how the government controls interest rates, government debt. This is despite the fact that most economists believe the picture is more complex. Consequently, James and Proctor, in Issue 95 of New Economics, dismiss Krammerís views as failing to look at all traditional growth theory,and thus failing to explain historical growth when government spending was low or negative.

     

But, Krammer argues growth in the economy depends mainly on higher government spending. He argues that direct investment, whatever its source leads to growth. Krammer states that the circulation of money in the economy is the key consideration when forecasting growth how the government controls interest rates and government debt. Most economists believe the picture is more complex. James and Proctor, in Issue 95 of New Economics, dismiss Krammers views as failing to look at all traditional growth theory, and therefore failing to explain historical growth when government spending was low or negative.

 
             

Use the connections to make sure your reader can follow the flow of information, ideas and arguments within sentences, from sentence to sentence and between paragraphs. But dont let too many connections creep into your writing and keep to the simple ones recommended.

 

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Essay Know your Essay Subject
Essay Structure your Essay to Help your Reader
Essay Answer the Essay Question
Essay Show your Analytical Skills
Essay Write in a Clear Style
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Use active verbs
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Keep your sentence length under control
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Use simple words
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Avoid jargon
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Avoid abstract terms
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Keep abbreviations under control
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Avoid Padding
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Use topic sentences
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Link your ideas and paragraphs
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Use examples to explain difficult points
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Use quotations in your writing
Essay Edit your Essay Draft
Essay StyleWriter editing software
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StyleWriter Demonstration
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Recommended Writing Software
Essay Internet Resources
How StyleWriter Helps: StyleWriter encourages you to use simple connections by highlighting complex connections and suggesting you delete them or replace them with simpler ones.
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